Top 5 Largest Sugarcane Producing States In India

Sugarcane production is really popular in India. It helps the country’s farming and economy a lot. India grows a lot of sugarcane, it’s the second largest producer in the world. Many states in India grow sugarcane which helps in consumption within the country and exporting too. In 2022 and 2023, India was expected to make about 36 million tons of sugar. Uttar Pradesh, a state in the north, makes the most sugarcane. Then Maharashtra and Karnataka make a lot too. India doesn’t need help from the government for the sugar industry because it’s doing so well on its own.

Let’s look at the top 5 largest sugarcane producing states in India.


What are the top 5 highest sugarcane producing states in India?

1. Maharashtra

Maharashtra became the top sugarcane-producing state in India. This happened because Maharashtra has good weather for growing sugarcane. It has hot and humid summers, and cool and dry winters. Sugarcane mostly grows in places like Kolhapur, Sangli and Solapur in Maharashtra. The entire sugarcane area in the state is 28.53 lakh hectares. There are cooperative sugar mills in Maharashtra, they help the sugarcane farmers and the local economy a lot. Other places in Maharashtra where sugarcane grows a lot are Pune, Satara, and Ahmednagar.

2. Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is the second biggest producer of sugarcane in India with 14.87 lakh hectare sugarcane production area. The state has good weather for growing sugarcane, with hot, humid summers and cool, dry winters. The fertile plains near the Ganges and Yamuna rivers are perfect for growing sugarcane. Uttar Pradesh has lots of sugar mills and factories. Places like Meerut, Saharanpur, and Gorakhpur are famous for growing lots of sugarcane. Other big areas for growing sugarcane in Uttar Pradesh include Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, and Varanasi.

3. Karnataka

Karnataka grows a lot of sugarcane with estimated 6.5 lakh hectare area. It’s the third biggest state for sugarcane production in India, making more than 15% of all the sugarcane in the country. The weather in Karnataka is optimum for growing sugarcane. Summers are hot and humid, while winters are cool and dry. The soil in the Deccan Plateau, which is black and rich, is perfect for growing sugarcane. Places like Belgaum, Bagalkot, and Mandya are famous for growing lots of sugarcane. Karnataka has many sugar factories which are run by groups of farmers, and some privately owned too. Other places in Karnataka that grow a lot of sugarcane include Chikmagalur, Hassan, Kodagu, and Tumkur.

4. Bihar

Bihar ranks on the 4th position with 2.2 lakh hectares cultivating area. The land near the Ganges River and its smaller rivers is great for growing sugarcane. Places like West Champaran, East Champaran, and Saran are famous for growing lots of sugarcane. Sugar factories and alcohol-making places in Bihar give jobs to people and help villages grow. The main areas in Bihar where sugarcane grows are Patna, Bhagalpur, and Muzaffarpur.

5. Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is the fifth biggest state for sugarcane with 1.61 lakh hectare. It makes more than 10% of all sugarcane in the country. Tamil Nadu has good weather for growing sugarcane. Summers are hot and humid, and winters are cool and dry. The land around the Cauvery and Vaigai Rivers is very fertile, perfect for growing sugarcane. Places like Coimbatore, Thanjavur, and Erode make a lot of sugarcane here. Sugar mills and distilleries in Tamil Nadu help the countryside economy a lot. Other areas like Nilgiris and Dindigul also grow sugarcane in Tamil Nadu.

Note: The ranking is based on the cultivation area of Sugarcane.


These are the highest sugarcane producing states in India that grow sugarcane, like Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka, show how different the weather and farming are in the country. Sugarcane is super important for India’s money. Lots of people work in sugarcane farming, and it makes tons of money. There are sugar mills, group farms, and places that make drinks from sugarcane, which help sugarcane farming stay strong. Since people want more sugar and stuff made from it, these states are really important for making sure India has enough and helps lots of farmers keep their jobs.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which state produces the most sugar in India in 2024?

Ans: Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Karnataka produce the most sugarcane in India. Uttar Pradesh is the top producer, making a big contribution to the country’s sugar production.

2. What are the top 5 states for sugar cane production?

Ans: Sugar cane grows best in warm places. In the United States, sugar cane mostly grows in Florida, Louisiana, Texas, and Hawaii.

3. What’s the prediction for India’s sugar industry in 2024?

Ans: In 2024-25, India might produce around 28 million tonnes of sugar, according to Sucden analyst Olivier Crassard.

4. Which is the oldest sugar mill in India?

Ans: The oldest sugar mill in India is from 1903 called Pratappur. It was set up when the British passed the Sugar Cane Act in 1934, allowing state governments to set minimum prices for sugarcane.

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