Top 5 Highest Onion Producing States In India

Indian dishes are famous across the globe, and most of them have onion as the main ingredient. The onion is the chief ingredient in making the nation’s dishes. India is indeed the second largest onion producer in the world, and it has many states which are the backbone of the total onion yield in the country. In 2024, let us discover the top five most onion-producing states of India and examine the factors that contributed to their becoming onion cultivation giants.

Onion Producing

1. Maharashtra

With 2/3rd of the national onion product from Maharashtra, the state has a largest share in Indian onion outreach. It is worth noting that the region’s highly varied agro-climactic conditions and large cultivation areas widely serve as its competitive advantage. Onion cultivation is relied upon by places like Nashik, Pune, and Ahmednagar. These are popular in Maharashtra. Aside from this, the state will also modernize farming methods and irrigation systems, which will further uplift onion output.

2. Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh plays a second important role in the country’s onion production. It is good soil for sowing, and the onion crops get enough rain to produce onions. The state is fortunate to have an ideal agricultural land captivated by nature, making it the perfect place for onion cultivation. The onion-producing districts in Madhya Pradesh exhibit higher yields than other areas, including Vidisha, Ujjain, and Mandsaur. Also, the policy and subsidy interventions toward the leveling and improving onion farming could translate to calls to action for the state to work on the increasing issues of low onion harvest.

3. Karnataka

It is a very popular agricultural state and, by building on its diversity, has a leading role in onion cultivation in India. The southern states, including Belagavi to Bharati, Haveri, and Bagalkot, also have significant onion production possibilities. The Karnataka State has a natural advantage with its favorable conditions and necessary irrigation facilities, making onion farming possible throughout the year. In addition, realizing high-yielding farming practices and utilizing modern crop management techniques would also lead to a high yield of onions in Karnataka.

4. Gujarat

Gujarat, the state that harvests a considerable share of India’s onion production, employs huge agricultural land and a climate favorable to crops. In Gujarat, onions are planted in Bhavnagar, Mehsana, Surat, and many other places. Water utilities such as irrigation facilities and groundwater facilitate higher productivity and aid the coastal regions in supplying onions even in the off-season. Furthermore, the assistance of the government and farmers work for friendship and easy policies to develop onion cultivation.

5. Rajasthan

Despite the dry climate, Rajasthan, one of the country’s major onion-producing regions, does so primarily in the winter. The north of the state around Kota, Sikar, and Jhunjhunu enjoys higher onion productivity. Rajasthan’s sandy loam soil and advanced farming techniques allow farmers to overcome challenges caused by the climate. Interestingly enough, the adaptation of bulbing types specific to regional climate factors promotes higher yields in onion cultivation in Rajasthan.


Indian onion cultivation shows how different and adaptable agriculture in India is with its hardworking and steadfast farmers. The onion output is from Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, and Rajasthan—the leading five states— and is the supporting pair of this important segment. Ensuring that agricultural activities are suitable for the climate and weather of the area, modern farming methods, and government support, these areas are growing to meet the national supply of the product while simultaneously taking part in the country’s agricultural economy.


Q1. What contributions bring about the economy’s advancement through onion farming in India?

Ans: Growing onions brings money to the farmers and gives laborers jobs, and the country develops in food sustainability. Besides, onions are the center of export earning business, which opens other ways for development and brings more profit to the country.

Q2. Does the government have farm schemes for onion growers’ support?

Ans: Unfortunately, onion farmers in India face numerous obstacles, including the need for economic resources and income growth. These obstacles contribute to the fluctuation of onion prices in the Indian markets. Moreover, the Indian government has established programs to support the farmers, for instance, the National Horticulture Mission (NHM) and the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) to enable Suppose; such schemes intend to raise productivity by ensuring improved irrigation facilities and financial matters of the local growers.

Q3. How do onions play a key role in Indian cuisine?

Ans: India wouldn’t be the same without the centric onions in its cuisine, which work as taste-makers, texture-makers, and aroma enhancers in endless curries, salads, and snacks. Their versatility characterizes the food of ancient and modern India.

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