Top 5 Highest Potato Producing States In India

Potatoes are one of the most common vegetables that are used in various cooking in India. In recent times, they have also become a popular choice for various snacks. India is currently the leading consumer of potatoes due to the availability of suitable soils for potato cultivation. The potatoes are not only cultivated for exports but also for consumption in the country. Several states in the nation contribute to the overall production of potatoes. Let’s explore more about these states.

Potato Producing

1. Uttar Pradesh:

With favorable climate and the most appropriate environment for cultivating potatoes, Uttar Pradesh stands as the undisputed leader in largest potato production in India that contributes nearly 30% of India’s potato production. Uttar Pradesh is prominent among potato plantation locations as a base that unifies the Ganges and Yamuna rivers and gardening basins. What is more, these sectors do well thanks to another factor—government programs that operate regularly and subsidies that are mostly paid to farmers, who are the industry’s main actors.

2. West Bengal:

Following closely is West Bengal, the second major potato-producing state in India. This state accounts for roughly 23.5% of India’s potato production. Besides the fact that this state has fertile humus-rich land and seasonally appropriate rainfall, the region of West Bengal is also favorable for cultivating potatoes. The state is in a position of happy coincidence because the area has been well developed, and networks to domestic markets and even international routes have been efficiently established. Additionally, in West Bengal, the farmers demonstrate resilience and creativity, the ultimate attribute of the state’s maximal potato production.

3. Bihar:

Potato farming is the mainstay of Bihar’s existent agriculture and holds the potential to lead its growth sector. The lookup area and the blissful climate create an excellent condition path towards the fine growing of potatoes. Despite the occasional challenges of growing potatoes like erratic weather patterns, Bihar’s farmers also manage to be adaptable and perseverance-driven, sufficient to result in consistent successful potato production about 17% of national total. The state government, actively promoting agriculture in the state, also places Bihar as one of the leading forces in potato production in India.

4. Gujarat:

Gujarat has achieved its footsteps in the potato growing segment, which has been influenced by its multi-climatic zones and reformed agricultural plan. This state contributes around 7% of India’s potato production. The novelty of the state’s cultivation system in farming, which implies technical innovations and ecological approaches, contributes to the increasing yield of its potatoes. A proactive policy for agricultural development in Gujarat leads to huge investments in infrastructure and agricultural research. This achieves a great potato-production destination in Indian territory.

5. Madhya Pradesh:

Contributing approx 6.7% of the national potato production, the state of Madhya Pradesh has a strong root in producing potatoes as it is a large agricultural land with favorable agro-climatic conditions. In this regard, the state endowed with fertile soil offers a favorable climatic condition reinforced by adequate irrigation systems where high potato yields are experienced every year. On the other hand, apart from the farmer-centric policy and the introduction of better technologies in agriculture, the augmenting agricultural output of Madhya Pradesh is also dependent on increasing the level of farm productivity through continuous interventions. Madhya Pradesh has been, with modernization and efficiency, the leading Indian producer of potatoes to the mass production scene.


Out of the top 5 states of India, which were the highest contributors of potatoes in 2024, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh demonstrate India’s agricultural capabilities and stronghold. From border to border, these states are full of natural gifts, receive all the political attention, and become the core element of Indian agriculture. Being so driven ahead in the direction of innovation and sustainability, they meet local demand and help build and maintain global food security. Potatoes, the trophy among humble food groups, epitomizes India’s agricultural vividity and readiness to provide nutrition to the world.


Q1: What influence does the weather have on potato production in the wake of this?

Ans: The climate is the key to potato production, with aspects like temperature, rainfall, and humidity being just as important as any other factor that determines crop production. Some states, like West Bengal, bring sufficient rainfall, whereas others, like Gujarat, rely on irrigated persuasions in semi-dry conditions.

Q2: Are there any small farmers in the potato agricultural industry who may be facing difficulties?

Ans: Potato farmers face many hazards, such as falling market prices, parasite infestation, and weather inclemency, such as drought, flood, etc. However, their environmental impact is still a challenge that needs to be addressed with the help of environmental laws and eco-friendly agricultural practices.

Q3: What is the part of the state enterprise increasing the sowing potato?

Ans: Government programs, including subsidies, credit facilities, agricultural input support services, and infrastructure development, greatly influence potato farming. These initiatives aim to increase farm production levels, widen market reach, and lift farmers’ socioeconomic status.

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