Top 5 Largest Coal Producing States In India

While the Indian government focusing on renewable energy options, coal production continues to play a vital role. India uses a lot of coal for energy in factories and homes. Jharkhand is the biggest coal producer in India with 83.15 billion tonnes of coal. In 2022-23, the state produced 832.430 million tonnes of non-coking coal, which is 14.58% more than the previous year.

Let’s look at the top 5 highest coal producing states in India that produce the most coal. They play a big role in how India gets its energy and grows economically.

Coal Producing States

1. Jharkhand

Jharkhand is the top coal-producing state in India. It has 26.4% of all the coal in India, which is a lot – 83.15 billion tonnes. The coal mines are in beautiful areas with hills and forests. They provide most of the coal that India needs for energy. Jharkhand has famous places like the Dhanbad coal belt and the Bokaro coalfields where a lot of coal is mined. Because of Jharkhand’s coal, industries in India can grow.

2. Odisha

Odisha has a lot of coal, about 25.1% of all of India’s coal. This makes Odisha the second biggest producer of coal in the country. Odisha is known for having a lot of natural resources. There are large amounts of coal in places like the Talcher and Ib Valley areas. In total, there are about 79.30 billion tonnes of coal in Odisha. This coal is really important for India because it helps to make energy. So, Odisha plays a big role in producing coal for the country.

3. Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is the third-biggest producer of coal in India, with 18.1% of the country’s coal reserves. It has 57 billion tonnes of coal. The state has important coalfields in Korba, Raigarh, and Surguja, which are being developed a lot. This makes Chhattisgarh very important for India’s energy needs, as it helps meet the growing demand for coal in the country.

4. West Bengal

West Bengal is the fourth state in India for coal. It has about 10.8% of all the coal in India. In total, West Bengal has 33.87 billion tonnes of coal. The main place where coal is found and mined in West Bengal is the Raniganj coalfield. It covers more than 185 square kilometers in the Bardhman and Birbhum districts. The coal here is really good quality, with 50-65% carbon. Some of the best coal in the country comes from here. The districts in West Bengal where coal is found are Darjeeling, Bardhman, Jalpaiguri, Bankura, and Puruliya.

5. Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is the fifth-largest state in India with coal. It holds about 8% of all the coal in the country. Madhya Pradesh has a lot of coal – about 27.99 billion tonnes. The main places where this coal is found are Singrauli, Satpura, Muhpani, Sohagpur, and Pench Kanhan. Singrauli is the biggest area where coal is found in Madhya Pradesh. The coal from here is used in two power plants in Singrauli and Obra.


So, these are the top 5 largest coal producing states in India that produce the most coal. It is really important for India because it provides 55% of the energy the country needs. People in India are using more and more coal every year. In India, each person uses about 350 kilograms of coal per year, which is less than in rich countries. India’s industries have always used coal that comes from within the country. More people, a bigger economy, and wanting a better life mean that India will use even more coal in the future.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which state produces the most coal in India?

Ans: Jharkhand state has the most coal reserves in India, totaling 83.15 billion tonnes. This makes it the largest producer of coal in the country.

2. Which state in India has a lot of coal?

Ans: Jharkhand is the state in India with the highest amount of coal reserves.

3. What are the top 5 states for coal production in India?

Ans: The top five states for coal production in India are Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, and Madhya Pradesh.

4. Which state in India has the biggest coal field?

Ans: Jharkhand boasts the largest coal reserves in India, with a staggering 83.15 billion tonnes. Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and West Bengal also have significant coal fields.

5. What is Madhya Pradesh’s rank in coal production?

Ans: Madhya Pradesh is ranked fourth in coal production in India. It holds 8% of the total coal resources in the country and contributes 13% to Indian coal production.

6. Which country produces the most coal in the world?

Ans: China is the largest coal producer in the world by a significant margin. As of 2022, China accounted for over 52 percent of global coal production. In comparison, India, the second largest coal producer, had a global share of nearly nine percent.

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